Total Depravity is the first point of Calvinism and is based on the belief that all humans are born sinful and, as a result, are incapable of pleasing God through their own efforts. According to Calvinists, this state of depravity affects every aspect of a person’s life and makes them unable to choose God without divine intervention.
The second five points of calvinism, Unconditional Election, states that God has chosen to save a specific group of people, known as the elect, before the foundation of the world. This election is not based on any merit or deserving action on the part of the elect, but solely on God’s sovereign will.
The third point of Calvinism, Limited Atonement, asserts that Christ’s death on the cross was intended only for the elect. This means that while Christ’s sacrifice was sufficient for all, it was efficient only for those whom God chose to save.
The fourth point of Calvinism, Irresistible Grace, holds that those whom God has elected for salvation cannot resist His grace. When God chooses to save someone, He works in their heart to make them willing to come to Him.
Perseverance of the Saints
The fifth and final point of Calvinism, Perseverance of the Saints, is the belief that those whom God has chosen to save will persevere in their faith until the end. This does not mean that they will never sin or struggle, but that God will sustain them and keep them faithful.
The Impact of Calvinism
Calvinism has had a significant impact on Christianity, particularly in the areas of theology, worship, and culture. The emphasis on God’s sovereignty and the depravity of man has shaped the way many Christians understand their relationship with God and their place in the world.
Criticisms of Calvinism
Despite its influence, Calvinism has also faced significant criticism over the years. Some have argued that it presents a harsh and unloving view of God, while others have questioned its compatibility with free will and human responsibility.
In conclusion, the five points of Calvinism represent a comprehensive theological framework that has shaped the way many Christians understand their faith and their relationship with God. While there are certainly criticisms and disagreements surrounding this system of beliefs, it remains a significant branch of Protestantism with a devoted following.